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Are you wondering how to connect USB to VirtualBox Ubuntu when VirtualBox can’t locate any USB devices within a Linux Host? This is a frequent challenge many Linux distros users face (this is especially true regarding distros that are Debian-based: Linux Mint, POP OS, Ubuntu, and so on...)
VirtualBox USB Linux over ethernet (and other network) issues occur because VirtualBox can’t locate USB devices (or their folders) connected with the host operating system (even if vboxusers have completed all VirtualBox Extension Packs installation.)
Sometimes a VMDK file needs to be created for certain devices... but there are other solutions, as well.
In this article, we’ll discuss two specific Ubuntu VirtualBox USB solutions to show you how to connect USB to VirtualBox Linux... even if you’re a vboxuser who downloaded and completed VirtualBox Extension Packs installation- and still have issues. We’ll also answer the question: How do I access the USB in Oracle VM VirtualBox Ubuntu?
The ideal solution to enable Ubuntu VirtualBox USB passthrough is to use USB Network Gate. USB Network Gate is a reliable cross-platform software option that is loved by many when it comes to numerous USB passthrough situations.
For example, USB Network Gate easily resolves the question of: “How do I mount a USB drive in VirtualBox Ubuntu over ethernet connection?”
Follow the steps below to access USB hardware in VirtualBox:
USB Network Gate is a beloved VirtualBox USB Linux software solution because it works across multiple platforms. Compatible (and cross-compatible) with: Mac, Linux, and Windows operating systems.
While on the Virtual Machine, install VirtualBox Guest Additions.
Prior to creating and installing a new “guest” machine, users must install the Guest Addition Tool on the VM. Guest Additions contain utilities that improve the VMs operating systems, while simultaneously enhancing the machine-management experience. Guest machines won’t perform as desired if the Guest Additions Tool isn’t installed.
Devs and those new to Ubuntu should note: Vboxusers only need to mount the Guest Addition Tool CD and install the executable file when on a Windows VM. In other words: it isn’t necessary to install extra software/packages.
Learn how to install the Guest Additions Tool on a Ubuntu (or Windows) guest computer below...
Step 1: Begin by granting User Account Rights to Mount
Step 2: Once the VirtualBox Guest Additions Tools is installed on the VM, open the Ubuntu command terminal on the guest computer
Note: To see a list of all registered VMs, use the VboxManage command on Linux
Step 3: Run the command shown below (but please note this only works on Ubuntu)
sudo adduser $USER vboxsf
Users should then see the output shown below:
Adding user `richrd' to group `vboxsf' ...
Adding user richrd to group vboxsf
Step 3.1: If this previous command fails, try running the following command
sudo usermod -aG vboxsf $USER
Step 4: Shutdown the guest computer
Once VirtualBox Guest Additions Tool installation is complete (and the user account is added to the VirtualBox service group) mount the external drive. See steps below:
Step 1: Shutdown the guest computer
Step 2: On the host computer, insert the external USB drive
Step 3: On the guest machine’s GUI panel, choose Settings, or click on “Machine > Settings”
Step 4: Find the USB shown on the left navigation panel. … USB 2.0 (EHCI) Controller should be selected automatically (note: almost all USB 3.0 devices have backward compatibility with 2.0 (EHCI))
Step 5: If the user’s device hardware is a USB 3.0, choose that… otherwise, select 2.0 (EHCI)
Note: You can learn more information about your USB device on Linux by running the lsusb command
Step 6: On the right, users will see the “Add USB” button. Click the 2nd button to add the connected USB device
Step 7: Select the desired USB drive from the list (the device is usually called “Generic Mass Storage”)
Step 8: Select the device to mount it
Step 9: Turn on the guest machine and log in once the device is mounted
Users should see that the USB device is mounted and displayed on the guest machine’s desktop.
The USB drive should show automatically on the guest virtual machine, and users should have full control over their device.
Step 1: Devs and VirtualBox users of all skill-levels should double-check to see if Extension Packs are already installed
Step 2: Open VirtualBox > Click File menu> “Preferences (Ctrl+G)” > the “Extensions” tab
Step 3: If Extension Packs aren’t installed, visit: https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads, and find the “Oracle VM VirtualBox Extension Pack”
Step 4: Download and install the Extension Pack to your desired folder
Please Note: Extension Packs and VirtualBox versions must be compatible. To find out what version of VirtualBox you have, simply click the Help, and then select “About VirtualBox”
Step 5: Right-click Virtual Machine and then select “Settings (Ctrl+S)> Then navigate to the USB tab in the left-hand menu
Step 6: Check the box beside “Enable USB Controller”
Step 7: Select USB 2.0 (EHCI) Controller, or USB 3.0 (xHCI) Controller (whatever is preferred)
Step 8: USB 1.1 (OHCI) is usually selected by default.
Step 9: Within the GUI, click the “Add USB” icon (shown below within a red square)
Step 10: Complete USB for VirtualBox setup
Enter terminal command (in VboxManage if you prefer):
“sudo adduser $USERNAME vboxusers”
Please note: Users must log out and back in for the command to take effect
Step 1: After opening VirtualBox, navigate to the VMs Settings > USB
Step 2: Click the “USB+” icon
Step 3: Find and select your device from the list (this step adds Filter Spec to the list)
Repeat the step for as many devices as needed
USB devices should appear in the guest operating system upon VM startup. The device should either mount, request drivers, and so on (whatever is applicable for the specific operating system…)
Any mounted USB devices in the Guest OS won’t be accessible/available within the Host OS.
Step 1: After connecting the USB device, wait for the device to activate on the Host machine
Step 2: Start or navigate to Virtual Machine(VM)
Step 3.1: From the VM Status Bar (at the bottom of the screen), right-click the USB icon
Step 3.2: From the Menu, navigate as follows: Devices > USB Devices > then choose your device
USB devices usually appear within the Guest operating system either requesting drivers, showing as mounted, so on and so forth (whatever is typical for the specific operating system.)